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The administration would add 14,000 federal jobs, about 0.7 percent, as part of its fiscal 2015 budget request, according to budget documents.
While many agencies would see an increase the Defense Department would see its civilian workforce cut by 6,300 employees, from about 755,400 in 2014 to 749,100 in 2015.
The Treasury Department would add 7,400 to its workforce in 2015, from 101,400 in 2014 to 108,800 in 2015.
Colleen Kelley, the president of the National Treasury Employees Union, said staffing cuts over the last few years have severely undercut agencies and the requested increase is timely and welcome.
Doing more with less over an extended time period simply does not work, Kelley said.
J. David Cox, the president of the American Federation of Government Employees, said the small increase is not enough to make up for years of hiring freezes and layoffs.
He said artificial limits on civilian employees at DoD makes it harder to deliver on programs and services in a timely manner and pushes inherently governmental work out to contractors.
Many agencies simply don’t have enough people to handle the work, forcing them to rely on a growing shadow workforce of costly and unsupervised contractors, Cox said.
Other agencies that would see a big change in staffing in fiscal 2015 include:
The Veterans Affairs Department, which would add 2,200 employees, from 319,200 in fiscal 2014 to 321,400 in fiscal 2015.
The Social Security Administration, which would add 1,900 employees, from 62,200 in fiscal 2014 to 64.1 in fiscal 2015.
The Commerce Department, which would add 2,500 employees, from 42,600 employees in fiscal 2014 to 45,100 in fiscal 2015.